Introduction of Maps and Cartography (Especially for GATE-Geospatial 2022)

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Maps are pictures or representations of the Earthีšs surface which uses graphics to convey geographical information. It describes the geographical location of features and the relationship between them.

Introduction to Maps

Cartography refers to the art and science of map preparation. Though, the earliest of the maps were technically not as impressive as they are today but they certainly highlighted their role in communicating information about the location and spatial characteristics of the natural world and of society and culture.

The digital technology has altered the way of creating, presenting, and distributing the geographic information. The conventional cartography is now getting replaced by computer aided designs and graphics, and the analog maps by digital maps. The growing field of technology promises to bring more advances to Cartography to render maps and allied services that serve the society in a better manner.

This Map is Showing Landuse of Himachal Pradesh

Cartography: Geographic Maps

Cartography or map-making is the study or crafting representations of the Earth upon a flat surface, and one who makes maps is called a cartographer.

Road maps are perhaps the most widely used maps today, and form a subset of navigational maps, which also include aeronautical and nautical charts, railroad network maps, and hiking and bicycling maps.

There are many different types of maps to show different types of information. Some of them are described below:

  • Political Maps
  • Physical Maps
  • Thematic Maps
  • Topographic Maps

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